• Hamid Mahdavi Mohtasham
  •   90 050 226 21 98+
  •  info@HamidMahdavi.com
  • Hardcover: 312 pages
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics; 1 edition (December 28, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0736074007
  • ISBN-13: 978-0736074001
  • Product Dimensions: 11.1 x 8.7 x 1 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 2.4 pounds
Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach is also available as an e-book. The e-book is available at a reduced price and allows readers to highlight and take notes throughout the text. When purchased through the Human Kinetics site, access to the e-book is immediately granted when the order is received.

Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach blends postural techniques, neurology, and functional capabilities in order to alleviate chronic musculoskeletal pain and promote greater functionality. Developed by Vladimir Janda, respected neurologist and physiotherapist, the Janda approach presents a unique perspective to rehabilitation. In contrast to a more traditional structural view, the Janda approach is functional—emphasizing the importance of the sensorimotor system in controlling movement and chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes from sports and general activities. Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach is the only text to offer practical, evidence-based application of Janda’s theories.

Filled with illustrations, photos, and step-by-step instructions, Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance uses a systematic approach in presenting information that can be used in tandem with other clinical techniques. This resource for practitioners features the following tools:
  • A rationale for rehabilitation of the musculoskeletal sytem based on the relationship between the central nervous system and the motor system
  • A systematic method for the functional examination of the muscular system
  • Treatment processes focusing on the triad of normalization of peripheral structures, restoration of muscle balance, and facilitation of afferent systems and sensorimotor training
  • The role of muscle imbalance and functional pathology of sensorimotor systems for specific pain complaints, including cervical pain syndrome, upper- and lower-extremity pain syndromes, and low back pain syndromes

Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance provides an evidence-based explanation of muscle imbalance. The step-by-step Janda system of evaluation is explained—including analysis of posture, balance, and gait; evaluation of movement patterns; testing of muscle length; and assessment of the soft tissue. The text explores treatment options for muscle imbalance through facilitation and inhibition techniques and sensorimotor training to restore neuromsucular function. It also includes four case studies examining musculoskeletal conditions and showing how the Janda approach compares with other treatments. This text combines theory, evidence, and applications to assist clinicians in implementing the Janda approach into their practice.

Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach focuses on the neurological aspects of muscle imbalance that are common causes of pain and dysfunction in sports and occupational activities. By distilling the scientific works of Vladimir Janda into a practical, systematic approach, this unique resource will assist health care providers in treating patients with musculoskeletal complaints as well as exercise professionals in developing appropriate exercise prescription and training programs.



Part I. The Scientific Basis of Muscle Imbalance

Chapter 1. Structural and Functional Approaches to Muscle Imbalance
Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Fuction
Muscle Balance in Function and Pathology
Muscle Imbalance Paradigms

Chapter 2. The Sensorimotor System
Sensorimotor Hardware and Software
Neuromuscular Aspects of Postural Stability and Joint Stabilization
Pathology in Proprioception

Chapter 3. Chain Reactions
Articular Chains
Muscular Chains
Neurological Chains

Chapter 4. Pathomechanics of Musculoskeletal Pain and Muscle Imbalance
Pathology of Musculoskeletal Pain
Pathomechanics of Muscular Imbalance
Causes of Muscle Tightness and Weakness
Janda’s Classification of Muscle Imbalance Patterns

Part II. Functional Evaluation of Muscle Imbalance

Chapter 5. Posture, Balance, and Gait Analysis
Muscle Analysis of Standing Posture
Evaluation of Balance
Evaluation of Gait

Chapter 6. Evaluation of Movement Patterns
Janda’s Basic Movement Patterns
Additional Movement Tests Complementary to Janda’s Tests
Selected Manual Muscle Tests

Chapter 7. Muscle Length Testing
Muscle Length Assessment Technique
Lower-Quarter Muscles
Upper-Quarter Muscles

Chapter 8. Soft-Tissue Assessment
Characteristics of Trigger Points
Assessment of Trigger Point or Tender Point Chains

Part III. Treatment of Muscle Imbalance Syndromes

Chapter 9. Normalization of Peripheral Structures
Central Indirect techniques
Local Direct techniques

Chapter 10. Restoration of Muscle Balance
Factors Contributing to Muscle Weakness
Additional Treatment Techniques for Muscle Weakness
Factors Contributing to Muscle Tightness
Additional Treatment Techniques for Muscle Tightness

Chapter 11. Sensorimotor Training
Role of Sensorimotor Training in Janda’s Treatment
Sensorimotor Training Components
Sensorimotor Training Progression

Part IV. Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 12. Cervical Pain Syndromes
Regional Considerations
Common Pathologies
Case Study

Chapter 13. Upper-Extremity Pain Syndromes
Regional Considerations
Common Pathologies
Case Study

Chapter 14. Lumbar Pain Syndromes
Regional Considerations
Common Pathologies
Sacroiliac Dysfunction
Management of Low Back Pain Syndromes
Case Study

Chapter 15. Lower-Extremity Pain Syndromes
Regional Considerations
Common Pathologies
Case Study


A reference for physical and manual therapists, athletic trainers, personal trainers, massage therapists, chiropractors, and physiatrists. A textbook for physical therapy students learning theory and application of skills for care in rehabilitation of muscle imbalance.


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